Melbourne

Melbourne Airport (IATA: MEL, ICAO: YMML), also known as Tullamarine Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Melbourne, and the second busiest airport in Australia. It was opened in 1970 to replace the nearby Essendon Airport. Melbourne Airport is the sole international airport of the four airports serving the Melbourne metropolitan area. The airport is 23 km (14 mi) from the city centre. The airport has its own postcode—Melbourne Airport, Victoria (postcode 3045). This is adjacent to the suburb of Tullamarine. The Melbourne–Sydney air route is the third most-travelled passenger air route in the world. The airport features direct flights to 33 domestic destinations of Australia in addition to destinations in the Pacific, London, Asia and North America. Melbourne Airport is the number one arrival/departure point for the airports of four of Australia's seven other capital cities.N1 Melbourne serves as a major hub for Qantas and Virgin Australia, while Jetstar Airways and Tiger Airways Australia utilise the airport as home base. There is no rail link from the airport to the city centre, a regular coach service provides public transport to and from the city. Melbourne is the busiest airport for international export freight as of August 2011, while second busiest for import freight. Domestically, Melbourne serves as headquarters for Australian air Express and Toll Priority and handles more domestic freight than any other airport in the nation. In 2003, Melbourne received the International Air Transport Association Eagle Award for service and two National Tourism Awards for tourism services. The airport comprises four terminals: one international terminal, two domestic terminals and one budget domestic terminal. Most recently Melbourne Airport was awarded by Skytrax for having the best Airport hotel in the Australia/Pacific in the World Airport Awards. Melbourne Airport was also ranked the 43rd best airport for 2012. Melbourne reached 30 million passengers for the first time in the 12 months ending July 2013. This increased to 33.1 million passengers per annum by July 2015.

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Melbourne

Melbourne (/ˈmɛlbərn/) is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The name "Melbourne" refers to an urban agglomeration spanning 9,900 km2 (3,800 sq mi) which comprises the broader metropolitan area, as well as being the common name for its city centre. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon mountain ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Melbourne consists of 31 municipalities. It has a population of 4,529,500 as of 2015, and its inhabitants are called Melburnians. Founded by free settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemen's Land on 30 August 1835, in what was then the colony of New South Wales, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837. It was named "Melbourne" by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. It was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria, whom Lord Melbourne close to, in 1847, after which it became the capital of the newly founded colony of Victoria in 1851. During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities. After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the nation's interim seat of government until 1927. Melbourne rates highly in education, entertainment, health care, research and development, tourism and sport, making it the world's most liveable city—for the sixth year in a row in 2016, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit. It is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the top 30 cities in the world in the Global Financial Centres Index. Referred to as Australia's "cultural capital", it is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries, and Australian contemporary dance. It is recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a major centre for street art, music and theatre. It is home to many of Australia's largest and oldest cultural institutions such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of Victoria and the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It was the host city of the 1956 Summer Olympics. The main passenger airport serving the metropolis and the state is Melbourne Airport (also called Tullamarine Airport), which is the second busiest in Australia, and the Port of Melbourne is Australia's busiest seaport for containerised and general cargo. Melbourne has an extensive transport network. The main metropolitan train terminus is Flinders Street Station, and the main regional train and coach terminus is Southern Cross Station. Melbourne is also home to Australia's most extensive freeway network and has the world's largest urban tram network.

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LCCs operating in Melbourne

AirAsia X

Jetstar

Scoot

Tigerair Australia

Virgin Australia

Direct flights from Melbourne

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Kuala Lumpur From $183 (Tax incl.)

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Adelaide From $39 (Tax incl.)

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Auckland From $143 (Tax incl.)

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Bangkok From $632 (Tax incl.)

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Brisbane From $63 (Tax incl.)

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Ballina Byron Bay From $76 (Tax incl.)

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Christchurch From $135 (Tax incl.)

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Cairns From $92 (Tax incl.)

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Bali From $336 (Tax incl.)

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Darwin From $111 (Tax incl.)

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Hobart From $31 (Tax incl.)

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Honolulu From $320 (Tax incl.)

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Launceston From $39 (Tax incl.)

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Sunshine Coast From $87 (Tax incl.)

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Newcastle From $44 (Tax incl.)

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Coolangatta From $55 (Tax incl.)

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Perth From $95 (Tax incl.)

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Singapore From $119 (Tax incl.)

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Sydney From $44 (Tax incl.)

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Townsville From $79 (Tax incl.)

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Queenstown From $159 (Tax incl.)

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Phuket From $688 (Tax incl.)

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Tokyo From $280 (Tax incl.)

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Osaka From $1,114 (Tax incl.)

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Ayers Rock From $79 (Tax incl.)

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Proserpine From $116 (Tax incl.)

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Canberra From $63 (Tax incl.)

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Coffs Harbour From $63 (Tax incl.)

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Hamilton Island From $148 (Tax incl.)

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Kalgoorlie From $199 (Tax incl.)

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Mildura From $87 (Tax incl.)

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