Ninoy Aquino International Airport

The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA /ˈnaɪ.ə/, also known as Manila International Airport (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL), is the airport serving Manila and its surrounding metropolitan area. Located along the border between the cities of Pasay and Parañaque, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of Manila proper and southwest of Makati, NAIA is the main international gateway for travelers to the Philippines and serves as a hub for AirAsia Philippines, AirAsia Zest, Cebgo, Cebu Pacific, PAL Express, and Philippine Airlines. It is managed by the Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA), a branch of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). Officially, NAIA is the only airport serving the Manila area. However, in practice, both NAIA and Clark International Airport, located in the Clark Freeport Zone in Pampanga serve the Manila area, with Clark catering mostly to low-cost carriers because of its lower landing fees compared to those charged at NAIA. In the recent past there have been calls for Clark to replace NAIA eventually as the primary airport of the Philippines. The airport is named after the late Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., who was assassinated at the airport in 1983. In 2015, all terminals at NAIA handled a record breaking annual passenger traffic of 36,681,601, domestic passengers totaled 19,513,514 compared to international travelers, totaling 17,168,087.

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Manila

Manila (/məˈnɪl.ə/) is the capital city of the Philippines, founded on June 24, 1571 by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi. It is one of the oldest cities in the country and was the seat of power for most of the colonial rules of the Philippines. It is situated on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and contains a multitude of landmarks, some of which date back to the 16th century, such as the Spanish colonial era Walled City of Intramuros. Manila is the second most populous city in the Philippines after the former capital Quezon City with a population of 1,780,148 in 2015. Because of its small land area and huge population, Manila is regarded as one of the most densely populated cities in the world with 42,857 people per square kilometer. Manila is one of the sixteen cities and a municipality that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. In 2012, Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila as a global city. Manila has six representative districts for the lower house of the Philippine Congress. Furthermore, the city is composed of 16 districts, namely: Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andres, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo. The Kingdom of Tondo once ruled in the vicinity of Manila before it briefly became a province of the Hindu Majapahit Empire. During the Brunei invasion of the Philippines, Sultan Bolkiah of Brunei captured Seludong (a village in modern-day Manila) and renamed it Maynilà, a Tagalog term referring to the presence of the Nila shrub. Maynila was a vassal state of Brunei, established to overpower Tondo. Maynilà had been Indianized since the sixth century CE and earlier. It had become partly Islamic and Hindu-animist by the 15th century CE. In 1571 Spanish Conquistadors arrived from Mexico, from across the Pacific, and founded present-day Manila in what today is Intramuros. Spanish missionaries soon Christianized the city and incorporated Tondo under Manila and then built some of the oldest churches in the country, including San Agustin Church. The Conquistadors renamed the area Nuevo Reino de Castilla (New Kingdom of Castille) and shortened the name to Manila. Manila became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East and one end of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade route, linking Spanish America with Asia, one of the earliest examples of globalization. Due to the central location in the Pacific sea trade routes, Manila received the moniker of the "Pearl of the Orient". Spanish rule of Manila and the entire Philippine archipelago lasted for over three centuries, until 1898. At different times during the long Spanish period there were local revolts, Chinese insurrections, massive pirate attacks, great earthquakes, Dutch raids and invasion attempts, and a British occupation of the city during their unsuccessful attempt to conquer the Philippines. Order was usually quickly restored and the city returned to the business of trade. In the 19th century Manila was one of the most modern cities in Asia. Before the Spanish–American War, Manila saw the rise of the Philippine Revolution. Under the American rule following the Spanish–American War, the United States changed the official language from Spanish to English and made some changes in education, local laws and urban planning. Towards the end of World War II, during the Battle of Manila most of the city was flattened by intensive aerial bombardment by the United States Air Force. As a result, relatively little remains of Manila's prewar and colonial architecture, although there are ongoing restoration projects, especially within the old walled city, Intramuros.

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Direct flights from Manila

Lowest tax-include fare (oneway) (USD)

Osaka From $78 (Tax incl.)

  • Jetstar Asia (3K)
  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Jetstar Japan (GK)

Singapore From $48 (Tax incl.)

  • Jetstar Asia (3K)
  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Tigerair Singapore (TR)

Tokyo From $98 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Jetstar Japan (GK)

Bacolod From $30 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Kota Kinabalu From $29 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Bangkok From $59 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Butuan From $48 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Guangzhou From $41 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Cotabato From $46 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Cebu From $30 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Jakarta From $51 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Cagayan De Oro From $44 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Dumaguete From $41 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Dipolog From $44 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Bali From $93 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Davao From $39 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

General Santos From $64 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Hanoi From $51 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Hong Kong From $47 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Seoul From $60 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Jeju Air (7C)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Iloilo From $46 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Kalibo From $22 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Cebgo (DG)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Kuala Lumpur From $45 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • AirAsia (AK)
  • firefly (FY)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Legaspi From $30 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Cebgo (DG)

Macau From $40 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Caticlan From $36 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Cebgo (DG)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Ozamis From $44 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Pagadian From $55 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Beijing From $78 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Puerto Princesa From $31 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Busan From $57 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Shanghai From $63 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Siem Reap From $73 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Roxas City From $33 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Tacloban From $36 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Tagbilaran From $45 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Taipei From $29 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Philippines AirAsia (Z2)

Tuguegarao From $37 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Xiamen From $65 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Zamboanga From $46 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Dubai From $116 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Nagoya From $78 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)
  • Jetstar Japan (GK)

Kuwait From $114 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Sydney From $131 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Fukuoka From $96 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Agana From $95 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Doha From $116 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)

Riyadh From $178 (Tax incl.)

  • Cebu Pacific Air (5J)